Perugia was founded by Umbrians, but was further developed by the Etruscans, as the walls, the Well and the Etruscan Arch show. The city maintained its Etruscan structure during the roman domination, when it was called “Augusta Perusia” and became even more beautiful. Since the fall of the Roman Empire, there were many internal clashes in the city, but the presence of the Pope brought a sort of “peace”.
However, Perugia never accepted the supremacy of the Pope even if during the fight between Guelfi (Pope party) and Ghibellini (Emperor party) the city always supported the Pope party. Between 1200 and 1300 the Fontana Maggiore and The University were built . After a great urban development, Perugia fell under under the Pope’s domination many times and the Rocca Paolina is still a witness of it. Although the papal domination homologated in a certain way all the conquered provinces, Perugia continued to enrich itself with beautiful and precious buildings, like Palazzo Gallenga and Palazzo della Penna. In 1860 the city was conquered by the northern people from Piemonte and was then added to the Kingdom of Italy. After the Unity, the city was the capital of a very wide province, but during the first years of the century there was a resizing of the area. Then Perugia, even if it was the main town of the region, was accompanied by another main town known as Terni, a city characterized by a more contemporary structure.
Perugia as a University City
Perugia is nationally and internationally known as an important university city. Aside the main Institution of the University of Perugia, the city hosts the University for Foreigners, the Umbra Institute and the Accademia delle Belle Arti. The first one is the most ancient university that provides by teaching italian to foreigners students, while the second gives multilingualism and multiculturalism aspects to Perugia.
Perugia is one of the 20 European cities with the best life and studies quality. The city is at 19th place in this special classification, published by Viaggi.Corriere.it. Here the report “ The little pearl, city of chocolate and Baci Perugina, is place to two of the most important universities of Italy. A little fortified village and a cosmopolitan city. In fact, walking down the medieval narrow ways of this city up to Piazza 4 Novembre and Fontana Maggiore or socializing with foreigner students in pubs in Corso Vannucci, gave us the feeling that all the world could have a meeting right there. The magic of globalization”.
The city rises on an hilly area whose the city center occupies the highest part, where there is the majority of students’ life. The center is reachable from the station by buses (up to Piazza Italia) or by minimetrò (up to the end of line “Pincetto”) and it's linked to the terminal by an escalator through the distaff. The main University area is in Via Pascoli, where there is the majority of Universities (Economy, Law, Farmacy, Politic Sciences). In the same street there is the canteen that offers good and convenient dishes just few minutes from Piazza Morlacchi, where the other Faculties are. The site of University for Foreigners is easily reachable too; It is between Palazzo Gallenga (Piazza Fortebraccio) and the buildings of Santa Margherita’s park on Via XIV Settembre avenue. This avenue is linked to the highest part of the historic center.
All these areas are attended during the day but the situation is even more vivid at night. In fact, during the winter the nightlife is focused in pubs or bars, while during the summer Piazza 4 Novembre is full of students who enjoy the good weather. The “scalette” of the Dome are the perfect theatre to stay and talk together, thanks to the square’s astonishing beauty.