A place of meetings and exchange, a tourist attraction, an expression of the city. All of this is the Fiera dei Morti, the largest market exhibition in Umbria, which, also this year, will take place, from 1st to 5th November, in the 3 locations of Pian di Massiano, Piazza del Bacio and the City Center of Perugia.
The tradition of the fair has its roots in the past: since medieval times, in 1260, it was described in the city annals as a recurrence. Every year during the religious celebration of Ognissanti, a large market was held - hence the name of "Fiera d'Ognissanti" - which gathered visitors from all over Italy.
The merchants did not go to Perugia just to buy or sell their products, but also to enjoy the atmosphere of the city, which during the days of the fair was animated by acrobats, jugglers and, by ancient tradition, by games like bull hunting, running at the ring and the race of the palio.
Today, the traditional and historical games have been replaced by the huts, the fairground in the fair area from mid-October to mid-November.
During the first years, the duration of the exhibition was not pre-established: merchants could stay in the city for weeks or even months, to present, buy or sell their goods.
The market involved different places in Perugia: In the Statute of 1279 the sale of the cattle was established at the Borgo di Porta San Pietro, which required large open spaces, while in the Piazza Grande - the current Piazza IV Novembre - were sold other goods, called "minute".
In this period, the fair is, most of all, all a cultural meeting place: one could just think that, among the objects, there were also books, works of art and local handicrafts from all over Italy.
The tradition of the market stays alive also during the 17th century, when it took the name of "Fiera dei Defunti".
Now famous throughout Italy, the event in the 19th Century is definitely called "Fiera dei Morti".
In the period between the two World Wars, the tradition continued and only from 1975, the fair moved to its current location in the Pian di Massiano area.
Even nowadays, this fair is an attraction for families and people of all ages who do not give up a walk through the stalls, including crafts, clothing, and local products, while also enjoying culinary excellence from other cultures.