Located in Perugia, in the so called “Borgo Bello” - Borgo XX giugno - a few steps distant from the church of San Pietro, the Frontone Gardens are the oldest and most beautiful of the city. They have been used until the thirteenth century as a place for events and town meetings.
During the last years this place has been used as a location for concerts, plays, manifestations of various genre, and for the first open-air cinema of Perugia.
For years now during summers, in this wonderful place, Cinegatti presents a selection of the greatest movies of the year: from the best art-house masterpieces to the beloved popular movies for a bigger audience. For the people of Perugia, and not only, the Frontone is the main cinema during summer.
Borgo XX Giugno is one of the main locations of historical interest in the city of Perugia.
This name was given after the slaughter of the 20th June 1859 in Perugia by the Papal troupes.
In that day the troupes of the Swiss regiments, sent from Pope Pio IX, attacked the citizens that rebelled against the domain of the Church, occupying the city and looting and slaughtering the civilians.
In Perugia was born a revolutionary committee linked to the National Society, which gave birth to a provisional government, which offered a dictatorship to Vittorio Emanuele.
It was immediately clear that the Papal government did not want to give up on the control of the city of Perugia, and was ready to retake it with the force. The provisional government made an appeal to the people to get ready to the defence, and that appeal was accepted.
On the 20th of July the Papal troupes, made up of more than two thousand men - most of them Swiss - found a thousand men of Perugia, scattered on a wide front, ready to defend their city with their will to fight.
The resistance was defeated after a short, but fierce fight in Porta San Pietro, which costed 10 lives to the Papal troupes, and 27 to the people of Perugia, following a looting and the slaughter of many civilians.
For the 50th anniversary of this happening, in 1909, it was built a monument in memory of the fallen of the slaughter of the 20th June. It was realized by Giuseppe Frenguelli.
The street between Porta Romana, the convent and Porta San Pietro was renamed “Borgo XX Giugno”, or “Borgo Bello”.
The slaughter of Perugia became famous all over the world, and became a firm point for the patriotic tradition. Giosuè Carducci remembered this event in his sonnet Per le stragi di Perugia, in which he expressed a strong critic against the Papal army, underlining the incompatibility between the spilled blood and the teaching of Christ.